Higher contract prices may add winter wheat acres in Arkansas, for which harvested acres had dropped its lowest level in six decades.
According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Arkansas farmers harvested 100,000 acres in 2018, the lowest number since 1956.
“This was partially due to prices, but a bigger factor may have been the dry fall which prevented some from planting,” Jason Kelley, extension wheat and feed grains agronomist for the Division of Agriculture, said Tuesday. “With the relatively low prices for soybeans and still somewhat attractive wheat price, wheat acres will likely increase this fall.”
Autumn is the time when Arkansas’ winter wheat growers are making planting decisions for a crop to be harvested next June. Each year, extension economists create planning budgets to help growers plan for each crop. The winter wheat enterprise budgets were released in August. (See: https://www.uaex.edu/farm-ranch/economics-marketing/farm-planning/budgets/crop-budgets.aspx)
“In doing our input cost surveys for the budgets, we did find that fertilizer costs had increased over the past year, and fertilizer is the single largest input cost for wheat,” said Scott Stiles, extension economist for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.
“Our budgets reflect a $22-per-acre increase in fertilizer costs over last year, but that number has now moved higher,” he said. “Prices for urea, phosphates and potash have continued to increase over the past month. In August, total variable costs in our wheat budget was projected to be up roughly $22 per acre from last year.”
Stiles said that wheat futures will need to recover to the $6 a bushel price level to compensate for the continued rise in fertilizer costs.
“On Wednesday, the July 2019 wheat futures contract was trading at $5.56,” he said. “The July contract is 13 percent higher or 62 cents above where it was at this time last year.”
Kelley said he hoped that “when wheat hit $6 per bushel earlier this summer that some producers were able to take advantage and book wheat for June and July of 2019.”
As always in agriculture, weather is a concern “in some of the key global wheat production areas,” Stiles said. “A price recovery may occur over the coming months if the rest of the world has to rely more on the U.S. for wheat imports.”
The trouble spots around the world are Australia, Canada and the European Union.
“Australian production is off due to the terrible drought conditions,” he said. “To compound that, this week parts of Australia have also experienced frost and freezing temperatures. Estimates of their wheat production may be revised lower in upcoming USDA reports.”
For more information about enterprise budgets or row crop production, contact a county extension office or visit www.uaex.edu.
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension and Research programs to all eligible persons without discrimination.
— Mary Hightower is director of Communication Services at the U of A System Division of Agriculture.